A final ruling from the Canadian Human Rights tribunal following a case presented by the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society has decided to give First Nations families separated or affected by a “chronically underfunded welfare system,” roughly $2 billion in reparation payments.

“The Caring Society is also aware of the significant and complex assessment processes required to administer and deliver individual compensation. Best estimates suggest that an order for individual compensation for those taken into out-of-home care could affect 44,000 to 54,000 people,” the Human Rights Tribunal ruling reads.