Canada has a lot to learn from Japan on immigration and vice versa
Canada, like Japan, has a rapidly aging population. In 2017, Japan was listed third out of the top 25 countries with an elderly population, while Canada was 25th. The average age of a Japanese citizen was 46.5, while in Canada it was 41.7.
Justin Trudeau’s recent diplomatic talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe provides a perfect opportunity to learn from our Pacific ally on what works and what doesn’t when it comes to immigration and population replacement.
Similar demographic challenges
Demographically the two countries face similar challenges: an increasingly strained universal healthcare system, less people entering the workforce, and Japanese people, like Canadians, are also having less children.
Although the demographic circumstances are alike, the two countries have often had a diametrically opposed approach towards population replenishment.
Japan, unlike Canada, has a nativist-leaning attitude towards population replacement. While the country has recently passed a new immigration bill intened to broaden the country’s immigrant intake, the policy is largely concerned with skilled foreign workers meant to boost the country’s shrinking economy.
An immigration system that’s good for the economy
The bill, which was passed in 2018, has the intended goal of attracting 345,000 foreign workers into the country. The number, which is considerably less than Canada’s intended goal of one million immigrants over the next three years, is no small sum for Japan.
However, the difference lies in the purpose and length of stay for those who enter Japan. Unlike Canada, immigrants who arrive in the country are not on the immediate path towards citizenship.
Workers intent on living in Japan are brought in on five-year visas with the option of extending their stay another five years once the period has expired. Beyond that, those who intend to become Japanese citizens must have lived in the country for ten years and be willing to renounce any former citizenship they might have.
Unlike Canada, Japanese nationality is passed on by jus sanguinis, meaning that at least one of your parents have to have been Japanese citizens for you to be eligible for citizenship. On the other hand, Canadian nationality is passed on through jus soli, meaning it only requires you to be born within the country.
No social stigma around immigration discussion
In Japan, the social stigma associated with immigration criticism doesn’t exist, which makes it much easier for decision makers to have a levelheaded discussion on the topic. The contrast is quite different in comparison to Canada, where the topic of immigration is one of the most heated issues in the country. The result is a toxic political environment replete with name-calling and accusations of racism.
Despite the country’s hard-line approach to immigration, attitudes among Japanese citizens remain open and welcoming towards foreigners.
According to a poll by Pew Research Center, Japanese people have a positive view of immigrants. 59 per cent of people polled agreed with the statement that immigrants make Japan stronger, 60 per cent agreed that immigrants don’t increase the risk of terrorism, and 75 per cent believe that immigrants desire to adopt Japanese values and culture.
The difference in public opinion is startling when contrasted to Canada, a country which prides itself on being welcoming to immigrants. Despite Canada’s efforts to boost immigration and asylum seeker admission, attitudes towards newcomers are shifting around the country.
According to an Ipsos poll, 54 per cent of Canadians believe that “Canada is too welcoming to immigrants.” While another poll shows that half of Canadians want Canada’s immigration levels to decrease.
How is it that a country with an open immigration policy is seeing a regression in terms of attitudes towards immigrants?
Finding a middle ground
Although there are similarities in circumstance between Japan and Canada, there are also huge discrepancies.
The most glaring is that Japan is an island-nation and has no further room for expansion, whereas Canada is relatively empty in relation to its continental size.
Japan is having less babies, while also bringing in too few immigrants, creating a nation which is actively growing smaller and older.
As a result, Canada’s economy is performing better than Japan’s. Despite the flack the Liberals get for their immigration policies, the economy is doing pretty well with 3 percent growth in the last year, in comparison to Japan’s economy which only grew by 1.1 percent in the same year.
Clearly, Canada is doing something right when it comes to the country’s economic well-being.
The question remains, will Japan be able to survive their circumstances?
Are their efforts to keep their economies afloat through foreign workers enough to keep the country from collapsing in the next century?
In many ways, Japan has a lot to learn from Canada, but in the end, both countries would benefit from a middle of the road approach.
Former Prime Minister Kim Campbell has called Wexit “nuts” and that it was created to sow “unnecessary division.”
Speaking to Global News, Campbell stated that “adult” conversations were necessary with policies like equalization, and yet the dialogue has been anything but mature.
“We’re a complex country and we are always going to have issues that need solving,” she added. When Campbell was prompted on Wexit she gave out an incensed screech: “It’s nuts! I’m sorry, it’s a dead-end, so Alberta’s going to separate and that’s going to make it easier to get access to open water? That is a slogan designed to make people angry.”
Campbell’s comments come after the surging support in western separatism deriving from Justin Trudeau’s re-election. Since then, a notable online presence has grown in support of the Wexit movement, and the premiers of western provinces have cautioned Trudeau of the stark consequences of western alienation.
Campbell finished by saying that the Wexit movement “was not how grown-up people address problems … I see this and I think grow up!”
A Twitter search of Campbell’s tweets on Quebec show no similar criticism of the separatist movement in that province.
A call centre that had dozens of employees attempting to dupe Canadians into handing over money via various types of phone scams has been shut down by Indian authorities, according to a statement from a New Delhi police deputy.
According to Sameer Sharma, the “swanky international scam call centre” targeted Canadian citizens, with the call centre coming to police attention on Friday.
By Sunday, more than 30 people were arrested, with 55 computers and 35 phones being seized in the search. Police also took flow charts from the call centre, which served as scripts for employees to better scam customers.
Sharma said police arrived while “several” scam calls were still in progress, with computers containing multiple Canadian phone numbers on their screen. Thee supervisors were also on scene.
“The supervisors … were asked about the activity going on there but they could not give any satisfactory answer,” he said.
“On sustained questioning, they divulged that they were engaged in calling [Canadians] and impersonating [themselves] as genuine Canadian police.”
Police say suspects are mostly in their late teens and early 20s, though some are closer to 40.
The 32 employees were arrested for violating the Indian Telegraph Act, the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, and the Information Technology Act.
Four men who are believed to own the call centre were not present at the time of police arrests, and are currently being sought by police, according to Sharma.
Delhi police also mentioned that they were aware of a Canadian who was scammed out of nearly $14,000 by the now-defunct call centre.
Sharma detailed the scam, saying that victims are typically greeted on the line by a man falsely claiming to be calling from Service Canada. They then claim that the victim is under threat of some type of identity fraud, or that suspicious activity had been detected under the victim’s SIN number. Victims are then pressured to call back, and eventually, are made to pay hefty fees and payments in order to “settle the matter.”
Payments were typically made in prepaid credit cards, gift cards, or cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin. Police also discovered software that could receive bitcoin payments, according to Sharma.
Police say the SIN scam is one that’s new to the scene, and that potential victims should instead seek to settle all potential fraud cases with local courthouses or RCMP, rather than unverified Service Canada calls.
Police also remind the public not to put too much faith in caller IDs or displays, as scammers typically use programs to create false names while calling potential victims. This also allows the scammers to make their calls appear as though they’re being made in Canada.
Anti-scam centres also note that any number requesting payment via Amazon or iTunes gift cards are major red flags, as they are often difficult to trace back and recover.
Three people are dead after being shot Monday in a Walmart parking lot in Duncan Oklahoma. Authorities have confirmed the shooter is among those dead.
Duncan police say a man and a woman were shot and killed by the gunman. KSWO Lawton has confirmed the shooter is among those dead.
According to reports, the gunman killed himself after a brief confrontation with an armed citizen in the parking lot.
Police say the man and woman were found deceased in their vehicle.
Police believe the crime was committed with a handgun found at the scene.
A school lockdown was put into effect during the investigation. The lockdown has since been lifted.
“Duncan Public Schools is aware of the report of a shooting at Duncan Walmart,” A Facebook post by the school board stated. “As always we are taking every precaution to protect our staff and students. At this time all schools are in lockdown due to this report. Schools will operate as normal, but visitors will not be admitted until police report it is safe.”
“As this is an active police investigation, we are currently referring additional questions to law enforcement and assisting however possible,” a Walmart spokesperson told CNN.
This is a breaking news article and will be updated.
Starship Enterprise commander and entertainment icon William Shatner is among 39 Canadians scheduled to receive commendation for their contributions to Canadian life and culture.
This Thursday Nov. 21, Governor General of Canada Julie Payette “will invest three Companions, five Officers and 31 Members into the Order of Canada during a ceremony at Rideau Hall.”
Not to be outranked by Captain Kirk, silver screen legend Donald Sutherland will be named Order-of-Canada Companion, the country’s highest civilian honour.
Initiated in Canada’s Centennial year in 1967, the order’s motto is “Desiderantes meliorem patriam” (They desire a better country).
Princeton mathematician Robert Phelan Langlands and National Film Board documentarian Alanis Obomsawin will also be named Order-of-Canada Companions.
“Close to 7,500 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order,” reads a Rideau Hall statement.
“Those who bear the Order’s iconic snowflake insignia have changed our nation’s measure of success and, through the sum of their accomplishments, have helped us build a better Canada.’
You can read the entire 2019 Order-of-Canada investiture here.